Economics

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Ideas for data-driven research related to economics

Key data

Whilst there is a wealth of data related to economics, a number of studies are regarded as 'key' – either through their subject/geographical coverage, their use of standard measures, their longevity, their usage among the research community or because they are used to create 'official' figures.

The majority of the data described are known as 'raw', 'primary' or 'source' data in the sense that they represent information that has been collected 'first-hand'; they are original data sources which may then be used for 'secondary' analysis by researchers not involved in the data collection process. The majority of these data are anonymised because they describe the attitudes, behaviour, circumstances and personal details of the individuals being studied. These types of data are heavily used by the academic and government research communities.

The UK Data Service provides access to the following primary data sources:

Study name

Coverage

Topics

1970 British Cohort Study

1970-ongoing (longitudinal); Great Britain

Employment history

Income/benefits received

Pensions

Socio-economic status

Annual Population Survey

2004-ongoing; individual level data; UK

Benefits

Economic activity

Socio-economic status

Tax relief

British Social Attitudes Survey

1983-ongoing; individual level data; Great Britain

Attitudes to public spending

Social welfare

Housing

Trust in statistics

Retirement and pensions

Census aggregate data

11971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011: England, Wales, and Scotland

1991, 2001, 2011: Northern Ireland

Data available at many geographical levels

Economic activity (employment, self-employed, unemployment)

Qualifications occupation

Method of travel to work

Hours worked

Industry

Census flow data

1981-2001 England and Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland

Data available at different spatial scales

Commute

Economic activity (employment, self-employed, unemployment)

Migration

Method of travel to work

Hours worked

Industry

English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

1998-ongoing (longitudinal); individual level data; England

Benefits

Current accounts

Loans and debts

Inheritance

Mortgages

Net financial wealth

Pensions: state, private, partners’ pension

Savings and investments

Self-employed accounts: profit/loss

Value of businesses and assets

Family Resources Survey

1993-ongoing; household level data; Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Income

Benefits

Tax payments and National Insurance contributions

Housing costs including council tax

Demographics

IMF International Finance Statistics

1948-ongoing; country level data (over 200 countries and geographical areas)

Exchange rates

Balance of payments

Government accounts

International liquidity

Interest rates

International transactions

Money and banking

National accounts

Prices

Production

IMF World Economic Outlook

1980-ongoing; country level data (over 180 countries)

National accounts

Inflation

Unemployment rates

Balance of payments

Debt

Fiscal indicators

Trade for countries and country groups

Government finance commodity prices

Living Costs and Food Survey

2001-ongoing; household level data; UK

Bank accounts and charges

Business records

Financial resources and support

Household expenditure

Socio-economic status

Taxation

Millennium Cohort Study

2000-ongoing (longitudinal); individual and household level data; UK

Economic activity

Household expenditure

Income and benefits

OECD equivalised weekly family income

OECD below 60% median indicator

OECD income quintiles

Pensions

Savings

OECD Economic Outlook

1960-ongoing; country level data

Expenditures

Foreign trade

Output

Labour markets

Interest and exchange rates

Balance of payments

Government debt

OECD Main Economic Indicators

1960-ongoing; country level data

National accounts

Industrial production

Employment

Prices

Business trends

Trade

Opinions and Lifestyle Survey

1990-ongoing; individual and household level; Great Britain

Bank accounts

Business ownership

Economic activity

Financial crimes

Taxation

Quarterly Labour Force Survey

1992-ongoing; individual and household level data; UK

Employment

Working hours

Training

Demographics

Understanding Society

2009-ongoing (longitudinal); individual and household level data; Great Britain

Benefits

Household income and expenditure

Investments

Material deprivation measures

Mortgage

Payments

Self-employment: accounts, profit/loss

Taxation

World Bank World Development Indicators

1960-ongoing; country level data (over 200 countries)

National accounts (local currency)

National accounts (US dollars)

Derived national accounts

Purchasing power parity

Trade

Government finance

Monetary

Balance of payments

External debt

Other data providers

UK Statistics Authority

Inter-Governmental Organisations

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