Ethnicity

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Key data

Whilst there is a wealth of data on ethnicity, a number of studies are regarded as 'key' – either through their subject/geographical coverage, their use of standard measures, their longevity, their usage among the research community or because they are used to create 'official' figures.

The majority of the data described are known as 'raw', 'primary' or 'source' data in the sense that they represent information that has been collected 'first-hand'; they are original data sources which may then be used for 'secondary' analysis by researchers not involved in the data collection process. The majority of these data are anonymised because they describe the attitudes, behaviour, circumstances and personal details of the individuals being studied. These types of data are heavily used by the academic and government research communities.

The UK Data Service provides access to the following primary data sources:

Study name Coverage Topics

Annual Population Survey

2004 ongoing; United Kingdom employment
workplace
ethnicity
religion

Anti-Terrorism, Citizenship and Security in the United Kingdom

2010 (qualitative); Birmingham, London, Oldham, Oxford, Swansea, Llanelli, Carmarthenshire, Greater Manchester, Oxfordshire, West Midlands; Cross-sectional (one-time) study

racism
terrorism
media
human rights
foreign policy
economic conditions
education

Black Immigrants

1890 - 1975 (qualitative); Cardiff, London; Cross-sectional (one-time) study; 

immigrants
racial discrimination
race relations
family life
community life
childhood
education
culture

British Social Attitudes Survey

Most years since 1983; Great Britain social attitudes
ethnicity
discrimination
immigration

Census aggregate data

1991, 2001, 2011: England, Wales, and Scotland; 2001, 2011: Northern Ireland
Data available at many geographical scales (e.g. county, district, ward, output area). Availability of topics and categories vary by census, country and geographical level
ethnic group - also available cross tabulated with many other topics (e.g. ethnic group and age, ethnic group and country of birth etc).

Citizenship Survey

2001, 2003, 2005, 2007/08, 2008/09, 2009/10, 2010/11; England and Wales community cohesion
civic engagement
race
faith
volunteering

Class and Ethnicity: Polish Migrant Workers in London

1996-2006 (qualitative); Jaslo, Krakow, London, Pawlowice, Sokolka; Cross-sectional (one-time) study migration
transnationalism
class

Communities within Communities: a Longitudinal Approach to Minority/Majority Relationships and Social Cohesion

2008-2009 (qualitative); England; Cross-sectional (one-time) study social cohesion at the community level

Crime Survey for England and Wales (formerly the British Crime Survey, 1982-)

1982- (biennial until 2001, then annual cross-sectional survey); Respondents aged 16-59 years; England and Wales crime
justice system

Educational Strategies of the Black Middle Classes

2009 (qualitative); United Kingdom; Cross-sectional (one-time) study race and class
educational perspectives
strategies and priorities
identity

Ethnic Minority Psychiatric Illness Rates in the Community, 2000 (EMPIRIC)

2000; England; Cross-sectional (one-time) study ethnic minorities
mental health
morbidity
mortality
identity

European Social Survey (ESS)

2002-ongoing (repeated cross-section); Europe ethnic, national and religious identity
immigration

Fourth National Survey of Ethnic Minorities

1993-1994 (repeated cross-section); England and Wales education
employment
health
racial harassment
discrimination
ethnic identity

Health Survey for England

1991- continuing (repeated cross-section); Adults and children in England; ethnic boost 1999 and 2004 health
activities
medicines

International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)

1985-ongoing; c. 50 countries national identity
religion

Labour Force Survey

1975-1983 biennial; annually from 1984; quarterly from 1992; United Kingdom employment
workplace
ethnicity
religion

Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (LSYPE)

2004-ongoing (longitudinal); United Kingdom ethnic boost sample

Millennium Cohort Study (MCS)

2000-ongoing (longitudinal); United Kingdom ethnic boost sample

Understanding Society

2009-ongoing (longitudinal); United Kingdom ethnic boost sample

World Values Survey (WVS)

1981-ongoing; 100+ countries national identity

Other key data publishers

National Centre for Social Research (NatCen)

UK Statistics Authority

Government and voluntary sector

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