Reusing qualitative data

Article Image

"A unique opportunity to study the raw materials of the recent or more distant past"

Reuse guide
Reuse articles

There is a growing body of literature on the reuse of qualitative data, addressing ethical, methodological and epistemological issues.  Here we cite a selection of articles that cover a range of perspectives and provide links to case studies of reuse of data.

THEMED COLLECTIONS OF ARTICLES

The following published special issues are recommended, listed in chronological order:

The papers provide retrospective accounts of some of the most innovative and ground-breaking qualitative research carried out since the 1950s. They offer insight into the dynamics, politics and realities of social research.

Many of the research datasets under discussion in these papers are archived at the UK Data Servcie and the University of Essex's National Social Policy and Social Change Archive

Selected articles on the re-use of qualitative data

Adkins, L. (2002) Revisions: gender and sexuality in late modernity, Buckingham: Open University Press.

Andrews, M. (2008) 'Never the last word: narrative research and secondary analysis' in C. Squire, M. Tamboukou and M. Andrews (eds.) Doing Narrative Research, London: Sage.

Armstrong, D. et al. (1997) 'The place of inter-rater reliability in qualitative research: an empirical study', Sociology, 31(3), pp. 597-606.

Bell, C. (2004) 'Doing sociological research: the genre of "owning up"', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 7(1), pp. 29-33.

Bergman, M. and Eberle, T. S. (2005) 'Qualitative inquiry: research, archiving, reuse', Forum Qualitative Socialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 6(2).

Bishop, L. (2012) 'Using Archived Qualitative Data for Teaching: Practical and Ethical Considerations', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 15(4).

Bishop, L. (2009) 'Ethical Sharing and Re-Use of Qualitative Data', Australian Journal of Social Issues, 44(3).

Bishop, L. (2006) 'A Proposal for Archiving Context for Secondary Analysis', Methodological Innovations Online [Special Issue: Defining context for qualitative data], 1(2), pp.10-20. doi: 10.4256/mio.2006.0008 Retrieved 09 May 2016 from http://mio.sagepub.com/content/1/2/10.full.pdf+html

Bishop, L. (2005) 'Oot o' the groun' and intae a pot: convenience food and choice in the 20th century', paper presented at the BSA Conference, York, March 2005.

Bishop, L. (2005) 'Protecting Respondents and Enabling Data Sharing: Reply to Parry and Mauthner', Sociology, 39(2) pp. 333-336, London: Sage Publications.

Bishop, L. and Neale, B. (2011) ‘Sharing Qualitative and Qualitative Longitudinal Data in the UK: Archiving Strategies and Development’, IASSIST Quarterly 34(3-4) and 35(1-2) pp.23-29.

Blaxter, M. and Patterson, E. (1983) 'The goodness is out of it', in A. Murcott (ed.) The sociology of food and eating, Aldershot: Gower Press.

Boddy, M. (2001) Data policy and data archiving: report on consultation for the ESRC Research Resources Board, Bristol: University of Bristol.

Bornat, J. (2003) 'A second take: revisiting interviews with a different purpose', Oral History, Spring, pp. 47-53.

Brown, G. (2004) 'Qualidata and the preservation of meaning: researching mental health', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 7(1), pp. 73-80.

Carusi, A. (2009) 'From data archive to ethical labyrinth', Qualitative Research, 9(3), pp. 285-298.

Charteris-Black, J., Seale, C. (2009) ‘Men and emotion talk: evidence from the experience of illness. Gender and Language vol. 3, (1) 81-113.

Cole, K., Wathan, J., and Corti, L. (2008) 'The provision of access to quantitative data for secondary analysis' in N. Fielding, R. Lee and G. Blank (eds.) Sage handbook of online research methods, London: Sage Publications.

Corti, L. (2013) 'Qualitative Data Archiving: the UK Case'  in B. Klein et al. (eds) Understanding Research Infrastructures in the Siocial Science, Zurich: Seismo. pp. 67-79

Corti, L. (2013) 'Infrastructures for Qualitative Data Archiving: the UK Case'  in D. Huschka et al. (eds) Forschungs-Infrastrukturen, Zurich: Sciverc. pp. 35-62

Corti, L. (2012) 'Recent developments in archiving social research', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 15(4) [Special Issue: Perspectives on working with archived textual and visual material in social research], pp.281-290. doi: 10.1080/13645579.2012.688310

Corti, L. (2011) 'The European Landscape of Qualitative Social Research Archives: Methodological and Practical Issues', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 12(3). Retrieved 25 May 2012, from http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/1746

Corti, L. (2008) 'Issues in re-using qualitative data: the experience of Qualidata' in M. Dargentas, M. Brugidou, D. Le Roux et al. (eds.) L'analyse secondaire en recherche qualitative : une nouvelle pratique en sciences humaines et sociales (translation: Secondary analysis in qualitative research: a new practice in social and human sciences), Paris: Lavoisier. Collection: Tec & Doc.

Corti, L. (2007) 'Reusing archived qualitative data: where, how and why?', Archival Science, 7(1). pp. 37-54

Corti, L. (2006) 'Editorial', Methodological Innovations Online [Special Issue: Defining context for qualitative data], 1(2), pp.1-9. doi: 10.4256/mio.2006.0007 Retrieved 09 May 2016, from http://mio.sagepub.com/content/1/2/1.full.pdf+html

Corti, L. (2005) Qualitative Archiving and Data Sharing: Extending the reach and impact of qualitative data, IASSIST Quarterly, 29(3).

Corti, L. (2004) 'Data Archiving' in S. Becker and A. Bryman (eds.), Understanding Reseach for Social Policy and Practice, Bristol: The Policy Press.

Corti, L. (2004) 'User Support' in M. Bergman and T. Eberle, Qualitative Data Archiving, Bern: Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences.

Corti, L. (2003) 'Infrastructure Services and Needs for the Provision of Enhanced Qualitative Data Resources' in International Social Science Journal, Social Science Futures, No 177, September 2003.

Corti, L. (2003) 'Archival Research' in M. Lewis-Beck et al (eds.), The SAGE Encyclopaedia of Social Science Research Methods, London: Sage Publications.

Corti, L. (2003) 'Qualitative Data Archiving' in M. Lewis-Beck et al (eds.), The SAGE Encyclopaedia of Social Science Research Methods, London: Sage Publications.

Corti, L. (2003) 'Qualitative Research Data, Archiving' in R.L. Miller and J.D Brewer (eds.), The A-Z of Social Research: A Dictionary of Key Social Science Research Concepts, London: Sage Publications, pp. 69-73.

Corti, L. (2000, December). Progress and Problems of Preserving and Providing Access to Qualitative Data for Social Research - The International Picture of an Emerging Culture. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online Journal], 1(3).

Corti, L. and Barker, E. (2003) 'Edwardians Online: An XML Application for Qualitative Data', ASSIGnation,Vol 120, No 2, January 2003.(also available from ESDS Qualidata Online).

Corti, L. and Backhouse, G. (2005) Acquiring Qualitative Data for Secondary Analysis in M. Bergman and T. Eberle, Qualitative Inquiry: Research, Archiving, and Reuse, Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online Journal], 6(2) Art. 36.

Corti, L. and Backhouse, G. (2000) 'Qualitative archives: short descriptions: ESRC qualitative archival resource centre (Qualidata), University of Essex, UK', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 1(3).

Corti, L. and Bishop, L. (2005, February) Strategies in Teaching Secondary Analysis of Qualitative Data [67 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online Journal], 6(1) Art. 47.

Corti, L., Day, A. and Backhouse, G. (2000) 'Confidentiality and informed consent: issues for consideration in the preservation of and provision of access to qualitative data archives', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 1(3).

Corti, L., Foster, J. and Thompson, P. (1995) 'Archiving qualitative research data', Social Research Update, 10.

Corti, L. and Thompson, P. (2012) 'Secondary analysis of archive data' in J. Goodwin (ed.) SAGE: Secondary Data Analysis, London: Sage Publications Ltd

Corti, L. and Thompson, P. and Fink, J. (2004) 'Preserving, Sharing and Re-Using Data from Qualitative Research' in C. Cassell and G. Symon (eds.), Essential Guide to Qualitative Methods in Organizational Research, London: Sage Publications.

Corti, L. and Thompson, P. (2004) 'Secondary Analysis of Archive Data' in C. Seale et al (eds.), Qualitative Research Practice, London: Sage Publications.

Corti, L. and Thompson, P. (2003) 'The secondary analysis of archived qualitative data' in C. Seale et al. (eds.) Qualitative Research Practice, London: Sage.

Corti, L. and Thompson, P. (1998) 'Are you sitting on your qualitative data? Qualidata's mission', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 1(1), pp. 85-89.

Corti, L. and Van den Eynden, V. (2009) 'Tensions between data sharing and data protection in research with people', SRA News, May 2009.

Corti, L., Witzel, A. and Bishop, L. (2005, January) Secondary Analysis of Qualitative Data Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online Journal], 6(1).

Corti, L., Witzel, A. and Bishop, L. (2005) 'On the potentials and problems of secondary analysis. An introduction to the FQS Special Issue on secondary analysis of qualitative data', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 6(1).

Corti, L. and Wright, M. (2002) 'MRC Population Data Archiving and Access Project Consultants' Report', Colchester: UK Data Archive.

Crow, G., Morgan Brett, B., Winterton, M., (Eds) (2011) 'Young Lives and Imagined Futures: Insights from Archived Data', Timescapes Working paper.

Entwistle, V. A., France, E. F., Wyke, S., Jepson, R., Hunt, K., Ziebland, S. and Thompson, A. (2011) ‘How information about other people's personal experiences can help with healthcare decision-making: a qualitative study’.Patient education and counseling, 85(3), e291-e298.

Fielding, N. (2000) 'The shared fate of two innovations in qualitative methodology: the relationship of qualitative software and secondary analysis of archived qualitative data', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 1(3).

Fielding, N. (2001) 'Automating the ineffable: getting the maximum from archived data', paper presented at Celebrating Classic Sociology, Essex, July 5-6, 2001.

Fielding, N. (2004) 'Getting the most from archived qualitative data: epistemological, practical and professional obstacles', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 7(1), pp. 97-104.

Fielding, N. and Fielding, J. (2000) 'Resistance and adaptation to criminal identity: using secondary analysis to evaluate classic studies of crime and deviance', Sociology, 2000.

Fogel, R. W. and Elton, G. R. (1983) Which road to the past?, New Haven: Yale University Press.

France, E. F., Wyke, S., Ziebland, S., Entwistle, V. A. and Hunt, K. (2011) ‘How personal experiences feature in women’s accounts of use of information for decisions about antenatal diagnostic testing for foetal abnormality’. Social Science & Medicine, 72(5), 755-762. 

France, E. F., Locock, L., Hunt, K., Ziebland, S., Field, K. and Wyke, S. (2012) ‘Imagined futures: how experiential knowledge of disability affects parents’ decision making about fetal abnormality’. Health Expectations, 15(2), 139-156.

France, E. F., Wyke, S., Gunn, J. M., Mair, F. S., McLean, G. and Mercer, S. W. (2012) ‘Multimorbidity in primary care: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies’. British Journal of General Practice, 62(597), e297-e307.

France, E. F., Hunt, K., Ziebland, S. and Wyke, S. (2013) ‘What parents say about disclosing the end of their pregnancy due to fetal abnormality’. Midwifery,29(1), 24-32.

General Medical Council (2010) ‘The development of treatment and care towards the end of life: good practice in decision making

Glaser, B. (1962) 'Secondary analysis: a strategy for the use of knowledge from research elsewhere', Social Problems, 10(1), pp. 70-74.

Hammersley, M. (1997) 'Qualitative data archiving: some reflections on its prospects and problems', Sociology, 31(1), pp. 131-142.

Hammersley, M. (2004) 'Towards a usable past for qualitative research', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 7(1), pp. 19-28.

Haraway, D. (1988) 'Situated knowledges: the science question in feminism and the privilege of partial perspective', Feminist Studies, 14(3), pp. 575-599.

Heaton, J. (1998) 'Secondary analysis of qualitative data', Social Research Update, Autumn issue, Guildford: University of Surrey, Institute of Social Research.

Heaton, J. (2000) Secondary analysis of qualitative data: a review of the literature, end-of-award report to ESRC, SPRU, University of York, August 2000.

Heaton, J. (2004) Reworking qualitative data, London: Sage.

Heaton, J. (2004) 'Wandering off the beaten track: re-using qualitative data in doctoral research', ESRC Research Methods Festival 2004.

Heaton, J. (2014) 'Use of social comparisons in interviews about young adults’ experiences of chronic illness'. Qualitative Health Research. Published online 3 October 2014. DOI: 10.1177/1049732314553122

Heaton, J. (2014) Growing up with chronic illness: a secondary analysis of archived qualitative data. Sage research methods cases. Online series. DOI: 10.4135/9781-44627305013503439

Hinds, P., Vogel, R. and Clarke-Steffen, L. (1997) 'The possibilities and pitfalls of doing a secondary analysis of a qualitative data set', Qualitative Health Research, 7(3), pp. 408-424.

Hodson, R. (2001) Dignity at work, Cambridge: Cambridge University.

Holstein, J. and Gubrium, J. (2004) 'Context: working it up, down, and across' in Seale, C. et al. (eds.) Qualitative research practice, London: Sage.

Irwin, S. and Winterton, M. (2011) Debates in Qualitative Secondary Analysis: Critical Reflections, Timescapes Working Paper Series, No. 4.

Irwin, S. and Winterton, M. (2011) Timescapes Data and Secondary Analysis: Working across the Projects, Timescapes Working Paper Series, No. 5.

James, J. B. and Sørensen, A. (2000) 'Archiving longitudinal data for future research: why qualitative data add to a study's usefulness', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 1(3).

Kelly, L., Jenkinson, C., Ziebland, S. (2013) Measuring the effects of online health information for patients: Item generation for an e-health impact questionnaire Patient Educ Couns. 2013 Dec; 93(3): 433–438.

Konopásek, Z. and Kusá, Z. (2000) 'Re-use of life stories in an ethnomethodological research', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 1(3).

Kuehn, T. and Witzel, A. (2000) 'Strategies in using a qualitative database for the analysis of problem-centered interviews', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 1(3).

Kynaston, D. (2008) 'Austerity Britain, 1945-1951', London: Bloomsbury.

Kynaston, D. (2005) ‘Secondary Analysis of Qualitative Data’. Qualitative Social Research, January, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1.

Locock, L. and Brown, J. B. (2010) ‘‘All in the same boat’? Patient and carer attitudes to peer support and social comparison in Motor Neurone Disease (MND)’. Social science & medicine, 71(8), 1498-1505.

Locock, L., Mazanderani, F. and Powell, J. (2012) ‘Metaphoric language and the articulation of emotions by people affected by motor neurone disease’. Chronic illness, 8(3), 201-213.

Locock, L., Robert, G., Boaz, A., Vougioukalou, S., Shuldham, C., Fielden, J., et al. (2014) ‘Testing accelerated experience-based co-design: a qualitative study of using a national archive of patient experience narrative interviews to promote rapid patient-centred service improvement’. Health Serv Deliv Res 2014;2(4)

Locock, L. et al, (2014) Using a national archive of patient experience narratives to promote local patient-centered quality improvement: an ethnographic process evaluation of 'accelerated' experience-based co-design. J Health Serv Res Policy, 19, 200 – 207

Lyon, D., Morgan Brett, B., and Crow, G. (2012) 'Working with Material from the Sheppey Archive: Exploring Formal and Contextual Data' International Journal for Social Research Methods [Special Issue: Perspectives on Working with Archived Textual and Visual Material]. doi: 10.1080/13645579.2012.688314

Morgan Brett, B., and Turton, J. (2012) ‘A collaborative challenge to the traditional essay: Developing a research methods assignment with ESDS and the UK Data Archive’. In Practice: Research, Ideas, Conversations. University of Essex.

Mauthner, N., Parry, O. and Backett-Milburn, K. (1998) 'The data are out there, or are they? Implications for archiving and revisiting qualitative data', Sociology, 32(4), pp. 733-745.

Mauthner, N. S. and Doucet, A. (2003) 'Reflexive accounts and accounts of reflexivity in qualitative data analysis', Sociology, 37(3), pp. 413-431.

May, V. (2008) 'On being a "good" mother: the moral presentation of self in written life stories', Sociology, 42(3), pp. 470-486.

Mazanderani, F., Locock, L., and Powell, J. (2012) ‘Being differently the same: The mediation of identity tensions in the sharing of illness experiences’. Social Science & Medicine, 74(4), 546-553.

Mazanderani, F., Locock, L., and Powell, J. (2013) ‘Biographical value: towards a conceptualisation of the commodification of illness narratives in contemporary healthcare’. Sociology of health & illness, 35(6), 891-905.

Moore, N. (2005) '(Re)using qualitative data? Thoughts from the CRESC Qualitative Research Laboratory', paper presented at Re-using Qualitative Data Workshop, CRESC, Manchester, 28 September 2005.

Muhr, T. (2000) 'Increasing the Reusability of Qualitative Data with XML', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 1(3).

Nairn, K. et al. (2005) 'A counter-narrative of a 'failed' interview', Qualitative Research, 5(2), pp. 221-244.

Neale, B. and Bishop, L. (2012) ‘The Timescapes Archive: a stakeholder approach to archiving qualitative longitudinal data’. Qualitative Research, 12(1) pp.53-65

Neale, B. and Bishop, L. (2011) ‘Qualitative and Qualitative Longitudinal Resources in Europe’. IASSIST Quarterly 34(3-4) and 35(1-2) pp. 6-11

O'Reilly, K. and Oliver, C. (2010) 'A Bourdieusian analysis of class and migration: habitus and the individualizing process', Sociology, 44, pp. 49-66.

Parry, O. and Mauthner, N. (2004) 'Whose data are they anyway? Practical, legal and ethical issues in archiving qualitative research data', Sociology, 38(1), pp. 139-152.

Parry, O. and Mauthner, N. (2005) 'Back to basics: who re-uses qualitative data and why?', Sociology, 39(2), pp. 337-342.

Plummer, K. (2001) Documents of Life 2: an invitation to a critical humanism, London: Saye.

Rees, R., Caird, J., Dickson, K., Vigurs, C., Thomas, J. (2013) ‘The views of young people in the UK about obesity, body size, shape and weight: a systematic review’. London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London. ISBN: 978-1-907345-52-4 

Ryan, S., and Ziebland, S. (2015) ‘On interviewing people with pets: reflections from qualitative research on people with long‐term conditions’. Sociology of health & illness, 37(1), 67-80.

Savage, M. (2010) Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940: The Politics of Method. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Savage, M. (2005) 'Revisiting classic qualitative studies', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 6(1), Art. 31.

Savage, M. (2005) 'Working-class identities in the 1960s: revisiting the Affluent Worker Study', Sociology, 39(5), pp. 929-946.

Savage, M. (2005) 'Understanding popular identities in post-war Britain: the case of social class', paper presented at the Re-using Qualitative Data Workshop, CRESC, Manchester, 29 September 2005.

Seale, C., Charteris-Black, J. (2008) ‘The interaction of class and gender in illness narratives’. Sociology vol. 42, (3) 453-469.

Seale, C., Charteris-Black, J., Dumelow, C. et al. (2008) ‘The effect of joint interviewing on the performance of gender’. Field Methods vol. 20, 107-128.

Sheridan, D. (2000) 'Reviewing mass-observation: the archive and its researchers thirty years on', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 1(3).

Soar, S., Ryan, S., and Salisbury, H. (2014). Using patients' experiences in e–learning design. The clinical teacher, 11(2), 80-83.

Szabo, V. and Strang, V. (1997) 'Secondary analysis of qualitative data', Advances in Nursing Science, 20(2), pp. 66-74.

Thompson, P. (2004) 'Researching Family and Social Mobility With Two Eyes: Some Experiences of the Interaction Between Qualitative and Quantitative Data' in International Journal of Social Research Methodology, Theory and Practice, Vol 7, No 3, July 2004.

Thompson, P. and Corti, L. (eds.) (2004) 'Special Issue - Celebrating Classic Sociology: Pioneers of Contemporary British Qualitative Research', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, Theory and Practice, Vol 7, No 1, February 2004.

Thompson, P. (2003) 'Towards Ethical Practice in the Use of Archived Transcribed Interviews: a Response' in International Journal of Social Research Methodology, Theory and Practice, Vol 6, No 4, October-December 2003.

Thompson, P. (2000, December). Re-using Qualitative Research Data: a Personal Account. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online Journal], 1(3).

Thompson, P. (2003) 'Towards ethical practice in the use of archived transcripted interviews: a response', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 6(4), pp. 357-360.

Thompson, P. (2004) 'Pioneering the life story method', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 7(1), pp. 81-84.

Valles, M.S., Corti, L., Tamboukou, M. and Baer, A. (2011) 'Qualitative Archives and Biographical Research Methods', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum Qualitative Social Research, 12(3).

Van den Berg, H. (2005) 'Reanalyzing qualitative interviews from different angles: the risk of decontextualization and other problems of sharing qualitative data', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 6(1).

Weddell, E., Lyon, D., Crow, G., Morgan Brett, B. (2012) 'Imagining the Future: What can the aspirations of school-leavers in 1978 and 2010 tell us about the changing nature of society?' Sociology Review, 22(1), pp.2-5.

Wyke, S., Entwistle, V., France, E., Hunt, K., Jepson, R., Thompson, A. and  Ziebland, S.B. (2011) ‘Information for choice: what people need, prefer and use - Executive summary for the National Institute for Health Research Service Delivery and Organisation programme’. National Institute for Health Research. SDO Project, 08/1710/153. NETSCC (NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre)/Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO.

Zeitlyn, D. (2000) 'Archiving anthropology', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online journal], 1(3).

Ziebland, S., Locock, L., Fitzpatrick, R., Stokes, T., Robert, G., O'Flynn, N., et al. (2014) ‘Informing the development of NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) quality standards through secondary analysis of qualitative narrative interviews on patients experiences’. Health Serv Deliv Res 2014;2(45)

 

 

Teaching secondary analysis

Back to top  

Discover UK Data Service